What Is Software Engineering?
Software engineering is basically the application of disciplined, systematic, operation, quantifiable approach to development and maintenance of software. Common projects related to software development needs to go through design, analysis, programming, testing as well as implementation. SPM or Software Project Management, SQA or Software Quality Assurance as well as the use of CASE or Computer Aided Software Engineering are parallel run to several other stages and lastly, arrives on maintenance phase. It is said as well that there are around 80 percent of costs that goes towards the maintenance of software.
In regards to software methodology, this is much more of a step by step plan of implementing a method by using certain procedures and tools. Oftentimes, it is describing the entry as well as exit criteria and even checkpoint for every components or activity in software engineering. These days, some of the popular methodologies are based on object oriented techniques or information engineering or structure techniques. On the other hand, you have to know as well that choosing a methodology is affected by the nature of project, type of application, kind of controls as well as documentation that will be required and tools proposed to be used.
Believe it or some, some of the commonly used methodologies in software engineering are Prototyping, Waterfall, Spiral, Stepwise Refinement, Rapid Application, Military And Industrial Standards, Assembly by Reuse, Application Generation, Knowledge Based Software Automation and also, Continuous Transformation.
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On the other hand, you might be wondering on the factors that can influence the model of choice for software development. As a matter of fact, this will depend on the size and nature of application whether it is a development through an external agency or in-house development, time frame, budget, resources and availability of several other tools and the likes.
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Someone who applies engineering principles in cooperative development of software is called as software engineer. Being able to generate computer programs but also, know the skills needed to produce good documentation, operational procedures and database for computer system is a sign that the software engineer is good at what he or she does. He or she must be well defined about the modules or the components of software engineering.
With regards to software projects, it is so important to perform risk analysis. Remember that there is no software development life cycle that can be called as complete unless it passes through active consideration to the areas that have several kinds of risks associated to them. Assessment of risks, characterization of risk, communication of risk, defining risk related policies and risk management are some of the vulnerable areas being tackled under risk analysis process.